Jul 052017
Central Bank of China In Brief China's central bank has developed its own cryptocurrency, which is now being tested. Cryptocurrencies have the potential to not only benefit China, but the rest of the world, due to their basis in blockchain. Benefits of Digital Currency China’s central bank — the People’s Bank of China — has developed a prototype of a cryptocurrency that it could end up in circulation in the near future. It would be introduced alongside the China’s primary currency the renminbi (also called the yuan). China will be simulating possible scenarios and running mock transactions using the cryptocurrency with some commercial Chinese banks.  Click to View Full Infographic The potential benefits of developing a digital currency are significant, particularly in China. First, it would decrease the cost of transactions, and therefore make financial services more accessible, which would be a big help to the millions of people in the country who are unconnected to conventional banks. Second, as it would be supported by blockchain, it has the potential to decrease the rates of fraud and counterfeiting, which would be of service to the government’s attempts to reduce corruption — a key concern. Third, it would make the currency easier to obtain, which would increase the rate of international transactions, allowing for more trades and faster economic growth. The Rise of Cryptocurrencies Since Bitcoin’s humble beginnings back in 2009 (when it was only valued at around 0.0007 USD) the digital currency, and the very idea of cryptocurrencies in fact, has grown monumentally. The total market cap of cryptocurrencies on April 1st of this year was over $25 Billion. A single Bitcoin is now worth more than $2,500. Now many national economies, as China’s plan shows, are considering the idea of developing their own variant. Although China’s experimental approach to simulate a self-developed cryptocurrency’s usage is the first of its kind, other countries and institutions have made strides in that direction as well. The Deputy of Russia’s central bank has emphatically stated that “regulators of all countries agree that it’s time to develop national cryptocurrencies.” Over 260,000 stores in Japan will begin accepting Bitcoin as legal tender this summer, and big banks like Santander have announced plans to develop their own version. Cryptocurrencies have the potential of revolutionizing not only the business world, but many methods of transaction. There has already been talk of using cryptocurrencies to administer Universal Basic Incomes due to their traceability, as well as for the delivery of human aid; the potential for which was demonstrated by a (more…)
Jun 172017
By Joshua Althauser https://cointelegraph.com/news/there-will-be-no-bubble-for-bitcoin-and-ethereum-heres-why Tech entrepreneur Mark Cuban has recently stated that Bitcoin is facing a bubble. However, Daniel M. Harrison, the CEO of DMH&CO and managing partner of Monkey Capital, reveals that such a thing is impossible due to the market-influencing capabilities of Bitcoin and Ethereum. Market bipolarity The main factor that makes a digital bubble impossible is market bipolarity. For many people, market bipolarity is confusing but it can be distilled in a few important and understandable viewpoints. Apparently, market bipolarity is directly affected by George Soros’ “theory of reflexivity.” According to George Soros, market conditions are not influenced by equilibrium. Rather, they are “reflexive” due to the synchronization of two functions: cognitive and manipulative function. The cognitive function is a neutral thinking base – this is where economic participants assess facts for what they are. The manipulative function, on the other hand, turns one fact (or a couple of facts) in order to gain an advantage. Once the cognitive mind is affected by the manipulative mind, the neutrality will be “painted” in a different light it becomes a manipulated fact. Therefore, markets reflect the view and perspective of participants, not the full scope of economics. The situation can be represented in two ways: Manipulative Cognitive = Reflexive Manipulative + Cognitive = Equilibrium The aforementioned equations show that a manipulative thinking pattern is the usual baseline and not a cognitive function. This shows the reflexive nature of all markets one of the clear indicators that Bitcoin and Ethereum are far from experiencing a digital bubble. Artificial vs. Natural More importantly, Ethereum and Bitcoin markets are influenced by two thinkers: artificial and natural. Artificial pertains to the Blockchain AI and natural is all about human intervention. Many experts think that Blockchain is adopting an "economic mindset." If markets with manipulative and cognitive participants are suddenly annexed, it will always result in reflexivity or positive feedback loops. In this case, digital markets are bound by reflexivity or states of reflexivity. This is a self-perpetuating situation that can go on for many years. It’s also important to know that artificial thinkers are the “igniters” of self-perpetuating reflexivity. With AI (Blockchain), digital markets will continue to thrive, leading to fluctuating values of Bitcoin and Ethereum. Market bipolarity will always be constant. Through market bipolarity, any episode of a digital bubble is canceled out. The whole Blockchain system will never return to its “roots” but it will continue evolving. Price valuations, on (more…)
Apr 282017
Greenfire supports blockchain business and technology. It is a belief held by Greenfire that business is growing into a blockchain technology based accountability system that will provide the move into a more sound money system. Aaryn Prettyman   Maybe you’ve heard the term “blockchain” but aren’t quite sure what it is. You’d be in good company. However you may want to start learning, as it just may be a technology platform that changes the ARM industry someday. In super-simple terms, blockchain is a decentralized way of keeping track of what is “true” (i.e. who owns what, who has signed what, who has paid what, etc.). This decentralized mechanism is called a “distributed ledger” – imagine a town checkbook, but instead of living in city hall, everyone in the town has a copy of it. Each time an entry is made it must be validated by everyone with a copy, and then everyone’s copy is updated. Each update is a new “block” in the “chain,” and each block needs all the other blocks to form the whole picture. The result is said to be a highly secure, transparent, interdependent chain.  Today, most information is tracked in major centralized databases owned by one company (or government) or another. As we know, these databases are often vulnerable to hackers, they are not at all transparent, and they can be difficult to get corrected when they are wrong. This has created a lack of trust in our systems, and makes it frustrating to do business. Blockchain was first used to manage bitcoin, the new kind of electronic currency that pretty much operates on the fringe. But many are now experimenting with a wide range of other, more mainstream uses. One example is that the State of Arizona has just passed a bill giving legal status to smart contracts and blockchain based signatures. Here’s what the bill says, "A signature that is secured through blockchain technology is considered to be in an electronic form and to be an electronic signature. A record or contract that is secured through blockchain technology is considered to be in an electronic form and to be an electronic record. Smart contracts may exist in commerce. A contract relating to a transaction may not be denied legal effect, validity or enforceability solely because that contract contains a smart contract term. For the purposes of this section: “Blockchain technology” means distributed ledger technology that uses (more…)
Dec 302016
Russian Airline and a Bank Execute a Blockchain Service Payment – CryptoCoinsNews The post Russian Airline and a Bank Execute a Blockchain Service Payment appeared first on CryptoCoinsNews. up JSC Siberia Airlines, commonly known under its operative name of S7 airlines has executed the first of its kind service payment using Ethereum blockchain smart-contracts through a letter of credit, with Russia-based Alfa-Bank. The announcement reveals that the agreement took place between the airlines and a counterpart using a letter of credit, through Alfa-Bank. A letter of credit is issued as a bank guarantee that payments will be made to a seller from the buyer. The bank issuing the letter of credit is obligated to cover the amount in the event that a buyer is unable to make the payment. Services giant Deloitte acted as the advisory consultant to the airline on blockchain technology, whilst providing legal support to the project. With the deal, smart contracts helped record the bank’s actions of opening and executing the letter of credit on a blockchain. In providing a conclusive statement, Artem Tolkachev, director of legal services for tech products at Deloitte said: Legally, this transaction meets all the requirements for a letter of credit as a form of bank settlement, and demonstrates the potential of smart contract application in the framework of Russian legislation. The Blockchain Service Payment The bank specifically provided members of the deal with an electronic “Alfa-business online” system where a customer could apply to open a letter of credit while a contractor is enabled with providing the bank documents upon provision of services. A “special cover account” sees funds written off from a customer’s account when the letter of credit is issued, and the funds reach the contractor’s account upon submission of documents confirming the transaction. S7 airlines deems the opening and the utilization of the letter of credit as the two main facets of the deal. “A blockchain record includes a hash (result of encryption) of the following information: deal identifiers (Taxpayer Identification Numbers (INN) of the customer and the contractor and type of works) and commercial terms (value of the letter of credit, date of opening and closing of the letter of credit),” the announcement explains further. The airline group’s deputy director general Dmitry Kudelkin added: By conducting the deal, we have tested efficiency of smart-contracts and realized how this technology could help to optimize business-processes and improve (more…)
Dec 132013
Chinese yuan dominates global bitcoin trade Tuesday, 03 December, 2013, 1:10pm Business›Banking & Finance CURRENCIES Patrick Boehler patrick.boehler@scmp.com With the digital currency’s value rising sharply, 58 per cent of day’s global volume done in yuan as non-professionals wade into new market The yuan accounts for most of the trade in bitcoins as trading of the unregulated digital currency soars in the world’s second-largest economy. By noon yesterday, about 58 per cent of the global trade during the preceding 24 hours occurred on exchanges trading the mainland currency, according to open-source research project BitcoinAverage [1]. A Bitcoin logo is seen at the window of a restaurant that accepts Bitcoin, a form of digital currency, as payment in San Francisco. Photo: Reuters[2] According to the aggregator of market data, China’s trading volume in the period reached 827 million yuan (HK$1 billion). Trades in US dollars account for roughly 37 per cent of global volume. Trades in euros account for slightly less than 2 per cent. No other currency accounts for more than one per cent of trade, according to BitcoinAverage. Fortunes have already been made in China via the virtual currency. The value of a bitcoin in China soared 861.02 per cent from 844.75 yuan on September 3, the earliest data available on BitcoinAverage, to its peak value last Friday of 7273.47 yuan. The virtual currency was trading at between 6,300 and 6,400 yuan on Tuesday morning on major Chinese exchanges. Unlike with previous virtual currencies, China’s deputy central bank governor Yi Gang said last month that bitcoins could be freely traded, although the government would not accept them as currency.  A provincial subsidiary of state-run China Telecom even said it would accept payment in the virtual currency. Jiangsu Telecom said last week it would accept the virtual currency for pre-orders of a new Samsung phone[3]. “China is driving the volume predominantly for two reasons: speculation and mining,” said Zennon Kapron, managing director fo the Shanghai-based financial advisory firm Kapronasia. “Returns on Bitcoin this year have surpassed real estate which previously was the best performing mainstream asset class in China, which has naturally attracted more attention and further driven the price up.” Kapron said it was natural for China, the world’s biggest manufacturer of bitcoin mining equipment, to play a large role in the trade. Li Lin, head of the Beijing-based Huobi trading platform, told the Beijing Morning Post last week that the majority of new bitcoin (more…)
Jun 152011
Friday, June 3, 2011 by: Jack Hough Bitcoins are the top-performing money in the world — but what are they?   The best performing currency of the past year isn’t Brazil’s real, up 15% versus the U.S. dollar, or Australia’s dollar, up 27%. It’s the Bitcoin. A year ago one was worth half a penny. Thursday morning it hit $10.50. That’s a gain of more than 200,000%. What’s a Bitcoin? It’s a peer-to-peer system of electronic money that allows payments to be sent directly between two parties without the need for a financial institution. It’s related to Bit Torrent, a system for sharing large files like movies, but in this case the “movie” is a file with the currency’s entire transaction history. And because users themselves all share that history, “it’s more secure than even bank transactions,” says Donald Norman, a spokesman for the Bitcoin Consultancy, which is seeking to gain wider acceptance for the currency. As befitting a virtual currency, no one is quite sure who created the Bitcoin. A white paper and software turned up three years ago listing Satoshi Nakamoto as the author. That’s presumed to be a pseudonym. All that’s known about Nakamoto, based on his paper and message board comments, is that he’s fluent in English and has a deep understanding of Internet security. Dotcom crash veterans might recall failed currencies like Flooz and Beenz, but those were mere means of online payment. Bitcoin is an entire monetary system. It doesn’t require a Treasury Department, because there are no bills or coins to mint. It doesn’t need a Federal Reserve to create money. An algorithm does that at a rate that slows by half every four years. There are about six million Bitcoins today. The number will approach 21 million beginning in the 2030s but never exceed it. The finite supply of Bitcoins might help explain the frantic demand for them. Dollars and euros are created at will by central bankers. Some economists see that as useful for smoothing out wild swings in the economy — making money more plentiful when consumers are hurting and scarcer when they’re flush. Skeptics, and there are many, worry that the ability to create money from nothing will be abused by governments that overspend, resulting in gradual debasing of the value of savings. That’s why dollar bears cling to gold, and why a few might now be scrambling for (more…)