Nov 172016
 
A large accumulation of small defeats The measures to curb air pollution in Delhi must necessarily tackle the city’s solid-waste crisis as well Landfills release noxious methane fumes into the air and leachates into the groundwater, presenting a permanent challenge to tackling pollution in cities. Yet landfills continue to be overlooked by flagship policies. Photo: Bloomberg The toxic haze that enveloped Delhi for two weeks after Diwali has diminished. But it would be foolhardy to think the moment has passed. How do we go on from here, knowing that next year, too, farmers will burn crop stubble, people will burn garbage and burst Diwali firecrackers, diesel generators will remain in use, environmentally harmful industry practices will prevail and private vehicles will still be the preferred means of transport? The causes of October’s smog highlight the intersectional nature of pollution in cities—how one mode of pollution interacts with and worsens another, which is why it is difficult to come up with a quick fix to bad air. The measures to curb air pollution in Delhi must necessarily tackle the city’s solid-waste crisis as well. India produces about 62 million tonnes of solid waste annually, of which 75-80% is collected, and only 22-28% is treated. The rest lands up in open dumpyards and landfills or is burnt. According to a 2016 study by the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, on Delhi’s air quality, the burning of municipal solid waste accounts for 7-8% of particulate matter pollution. Landfills, on the other hand, release noxious methane fumes into the air and leachates into the groundwater, presenting a permanent challenge to tackling pollution in cities. Yet landfills continue to be overlooked by flagship policies. The Swachh Bharat (Urban) scheme focuses on water, sanitation and hygiene, with scant attention being paid to the solid waste coagulating unchecked in landfills. The National Urban Sanitation Policy 2008 was concerned with access to sanitation facilities for the urban poor, but landfills remained outside that conversation. Landfills were limited to the ambit of the erstwhile Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling Rules), 2000. Every big city usually has at least one landfill. Delhi has four. Mumbai has three. Chennai and Kolkata have two each. Bengaluru had two before they were shut down after community protests. There is something very sobering about the vastness of a landfill, the spectre of city after city struggling with the problem. But the bigger issue (more…)
Nov 162016
 
 Author Jacob Timp The United States House of Representatives has passed a nonbinding resolution calling for an adoption of “a national policy for technology to promote consumers' access to financial tools and online commerce to promote economic growth and consumer empowerment.” Why The Accelerated Interest? We have seen relatively little developments in the space of federal regulation on the Blockchain technology and digital currencies. A non-profit called Coin Center reached out to United States representatives communicating their concerns on the developing bill. The letters on issue are available on their website. In July, the declaration was introduced which calls the United State government to develop an updated domestic policy related to technology, specifically referencing cryptocurrencies and Blockchain technology. The bill was introduced by United States Congressman Adam Kinzinger of Illinois and is sponsored by Congressman Tony Cardenas of California. Following statements from supporters, the resolution passed by a verbal vote earlier this week. The resolution is non-binding, which may be considered a half-measure, is a rather significant leap forward from Congress for the discussion on Blockchain and cryptocurrencies. The opening remarks on the bill stated: “The House of Representatives that the United States should adopt a national policy for technology to promote consumers’ access to financial tools and online commerce to promote economic growth and consumer empowerment.” The resolution occurred months after the United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce debated the technology. Notes from supporters on the floor demonstrated a very real interest in the issue among the House members. Congressman Michael Burgess of Texas, stated at the hearing: "There’s no doubt that Blockchain innovations are on the cutting edge today." What’s Next? We will see what the next step is for congress and whether or not they will pursue a more substantial bill development for digital currencies and the Blockchain technology. The next session will meet after November's United States elections. The non-leaning characteristics of the current resolution suggests that a new and updated bill may be released by Congress in the time following. Mike Prettyman, Chief Information Officer at Green Fire Engineered Reclamation For more information come to the website Children of the Landfill Project Green Fire Engineered Reclamation Join our active groups on Markethive Children of the Landfill Green Fire Engineered Reclamation Share this:FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogleTumblrPinterestReddit (more…)
Nov 152016
 
Green Fire and Landfill Mining Landfill Mining – LFM – has the potential to have significant economic and environmental impacts. Historic landfill sites have many unquantifiable variables and estimates must be made of the wastes within them and the subsequent impacts that those wastes may have. It is only in recent years that accurate knowledge, and then only in broad terms, is available to assess what wastes a landfill site may contain. Green Fire Engineered Reclamation is a landfill mining company. Green Fire is a passionate multi disciplinary professional organization specializing in carefully engineered waste remediation and reclamation. We could be considered a high tech company with the innovations we are working with but a better term would be an all tech company. Green Fire carefully choses the best technology to use for any given application based on properly engineered and tested processes. Every project is a little different. This is why Green Fire is made up of entrepreneurs, engineers, scientists and academic experts. Landfill Mining As available land and reusable resources become increasingly scarce, options to harness these from alternative sources become more sought after. One of the options available is Landfill Mining (LFM). LFM is commonly understood to be the extraction of waste from a landfill site after that site has closed and is no longer accepting waste. Green Fire is preemptive in its approach, we want to be there before it closes, Our mission is to not only recover the land but reclaim and reuse the waste. Green Fire intercepts and stems the flow of waste to the landfill. The concept of LFM is not new: There have been examples cited since the later 1940s and it is likely that earlier, unrecorded activities took place. LMF is not a practice unique to one country, region or has any specific strategy that determines whether it should take place or not. Traditionally the reasons for LFM are often unique to the site itself and there are specific factors that may lead to a LFM operation. Green Fire is mining the proportion of the world’s waste still being disposed of in open landfills. Open landfills have the potential for significant resources to be recovered post-disposal. In the future old landfills are likely to be considered as exploitable material resources. Green Fire; LFM, Economics and Humanity While there are a number of reasons for Green Fire LFM, It appears that there (more…)
Nov 142016
 
ISWA calls open dumps a ‘global health emergency’ A new report by the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA) is highlighting the ‘global health emergency’ affecting tens of millions of people in developing countries who lack good sanitation infrastructure.    The front page of ‘Wasted health, the tragic case of open dumps’   The report, ‘Wasted health: The tragic case of dumpsites’, illustrates how the issues surrounding open dumpsites in the developed world 40 years ago are still prevalent in developing countries, but are also being compounded by unprecedented issues such as the unregulated accumulation of discarded electronics, mobile phones, and medical waste.  Some of the main problems identified in the report include: open dumpsites receive roughly 40 per cent of the world’s waste and serve about 3.5 to 4 billion people; there has been a substantial rise in unregulated dumping of mobile devices, electronic appliances, medical and municipal waste, accelerating the scale of the threat and health risks; uncontrolled burning of waste releases gases and toxins into the atmosphere; open waste sites in India, Indonesia and the Philippines are more detrimental to life expectancy than malaria; 64 million people’s lives (equal to the population of France) are affected by world’s 50 largest dumpsites; in addition to the human and environmental impacts, the financial cost of open dumpsites runs into the tens of billions of US dollars. Report’s statistics In preparing the report, researchers analysed 373 toxic waste sites in India, Indonesia and the Philippines, where, the report says, ‘an estimated 8.6 million people are at risk of exposure to lead, asbestos, hexavalent chromium and other hazardous materials’.  It continues: ‘Among those people at risk, the exposure could cause a loss of around 829,000 years of good health as a result of disease, disability or early death. In comparison, malaria in these countries, whose combined population is nearly 1.6 billion, causes the loss of 725,000 healthy years.’ The report also states that over 42 million tonnes of e-waste was generated in 2014 and a lack of trained labour and investment in recycling infrastructure has meant that much of the waste is simply dumped in open landfills, which can lead to further health issues as they can be burnt, exposing locals to dangerous pollutants, heavy metals, volatile compounds and soot. Call for a ‘global alliance’ to address the issue Releasing the report, Antonis Mavropoulos, Chairman of the ISWA Scientific and Technical Committee (more…)
Nov 142016
 
Wasting Away Waste And Landfill Landfills are the old form of waste treatment and are still commonly used in most places around the world. Since the advent of agriculture, humans have had to deal with garbage disposal. Yesterday’s dump was a pit or hill on the outskirts of town that played host to disease-carrying rodents, insects, and dangerous objects. Today, the number of “open landfills” in the world directly effect half of the world’s population, 3.5 billion people. 1 My study of waste and garbage has given me an insight into how civilizations handled waste through history. A Brief History of the Beginning The first recorded find of a “landfill” was in North America. Archaeological studies shows a clan of Native Americans in what is now Colorado produced an average of 5.3 pounds of waste a day. That was in 6500BC. Americans today produce about 5.4 pounds of waste per day. 2 Then in 500 BC, Athens Greece organized the first municipal dump in western world. Regulations required waste to be dumped at least a mile from the city limits. The New Testament of Bible refers to waste Jerusalem Palestine, in the Valley of Gehenna also called Sheoal in the New Testament of the Bible "Though I descent into Sheol, thou art there." Sheoal was apparently a dump outside of the city of that periodically burned. It became synonymous with "hell." The Threat of Waste Throughout history trash has played a continuous but invisible role. The diseases spawned during the middle ages devastated the world’s population but our history books talk about it and the rats but never do they talk about the garbage and the waste as having any responsibility for the diseases. 3 How Much Waste is too Much Current global Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation levels are approximately 1.3 billion tonnes per year, and are expected to increase to approximately 2.2 billion tonnes per year by 2025. This represents a significant increase in per capita waste generation rates, from 1.2 kg (2.64 lb) to 1.42 kg (3.12 lb) per person per day in the next fifteen years. However, global averages are broad estimates only as rates vary considerably by region, country, city, and even within cities. 4 MSW generation rates are influenced by economic development, the degree of industrialization, public habits, and local climate. Generally, the higher the economic development and rate of urbanization, the greater the (more…)
Oct 282016
 
VISION CARE ORPHAN HOME – A “Children of the Landfill” client The Green Fire mission here is to enhance their already existing program.   Here is an overview of the conditions these orphanages address. At the beginning of the 21st Century the children of the world are facing an undeclared assault upon their childhood as they suffer as a result of poverty, sexual exploitation, abuse as well as becoming the innocent victims of wars and the HIV/AIDS epidemics.Ten years ago the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted and the UN Secretary General has stated “we have no higher priority, no prouder achievement, than our work for the rights of children!” A few facts indicate it may be a little early “for we the people” to be proud of our achievement: 12 million children die before reaching their fifth year 100 million homeless children living in the streets around the world. 250,000 children die every week from diseases and malnutrition. 2 million children are objects of sexual abuse – child pornography and demand for  child prostitutes has increased globally. 20 million children are refugees or internally displaced in their homeland. 10 million children are child slaves. Millions of girls are ‘missing’ as a result of foeticide, infanticide and neglect. Millions of children spend their whole life surviving on a landfill Millions of children are being orphaned as their parents die of AIDS related illnesses.The figures are unimaginable – already 11 million children in sub-Saharan Africa alone have been orphaned by the AIDS epidemic and reliable sources estimate that by 2010 there will be more than 30 million children orphaned by AIDS decimating parents. Credit: Womenaid International, http://www.womenaid.org/wcwi.htm Their is a very clear reason and purpose in “Children of the Landfill” mission, the children. Green Fire plans to bring education and commerce to these children. Mike Prettyman Chief Information Officer at Green Fire Engineered Reclamation Green Fire Engineered Reclamation I present you with an article I just received from the head of VISION CARE ORPHAN HOME, an orphanage in Uganda. VISION CARE ORPHAN HOME Introduction: In our project area number of Orphans, Semi Orphans and Street Children are found. The problem of orphans / street children is acute due to the Allied Democratic Force Rabbles insurgence, Natural hazards, urbanization and industrialization. Due to the deaths of HIV/AIDS affected persons, Re-marriage of deserted / widowed / divorce women, absence of (more…)
Oct 282016
 
The Global Situation Landfill gases have an influence on climate change. The major components are CO2 and methane, both of which are greenhouse gas. In terms of global warming potential, methane is over 25 times more detrimental to the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. Landfills are the third largest source of methane in the US. Biomass derived CO and CO 2 from landfills is not “counted” as contributing to global warming by the world organizations. Globally, trash released nearly 800 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2010 — about 11 percent of all methane generated by humans. The United States had the highest total quantity of methane emissions from landfills in 2010: almost 130 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent. China was a distant second, with 47 million then Mexico, Russia, Turkey, Indonesia, Canada, the United Kingdom, Brazil and India, according to the Global Methane Initiative, an international partnership of government and private groups working to reduce methane emissions. Our landfill problems contribute directly to climate change. As organic material such as food scraps break down in a landfill, they eventually release methane into the atmosphere. Methane from landfill sites account for 12% of total global methane emissions and almost 5% of total greenhouse gas emissions. The Personal Situation We all take out our trash and feel lighter and cleaner. This statement includes everyone in the world. But at the landfill, the food and yard waste that trash contains is decomposing and releasing methane, a greenhouse gas that’s 28 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Landfill gas contributes to smog, worsening health problems like asthma. The Solution Green Fire does not try to capture the gases of the landfill, we change the conditions of the dump to reduce landfill greenhouse gas emissions. Green Fire processes all hydrocarbons on the landfill reducing them to useful fuels. These fuels are used to generate electricity to feed back into the local grid. The byproduct from the gasification process is carbon. Carbon can be used to "quite" a landfill by spreading it on fires and spreading it to absorb a great many toxins. Green Fire Engineered Reclamation has developed new ways to reclaim and recycle waste by producing fuels to generate electricity and reusable raw materials from landfill waste. Green Fire and its "Green" and "renewable" resources doesn't produce pollution in the process of reclamation and making energy. Our "Green Power" has no environmentally-damaging (more…)
Oct 262016
 
Green Fire Engineered Reclamation Green Fire is a passionate multi-disciplinary organization specializing in carefully engineered waste Remediation and Reclamation. A number of years ago our group came together with a focus on developing ways of economically resolving the global epidemic of health risks facing society from its mounting waste. The result is Green fire Engineered Reclamation. Green Fire Engineered Reclamation is an engineering company, made up of entrepreneurs, engineers, scientists and academic experts focused on the world's waste problem, initially the open landfills. We pride ourselves on our ability as a collective group to integrate all appropriate technologies, Green Fire's as well as third party technologies. We integrate technologies to build the best possible solution for the landfill and the local community. We are focused on landfill mining. With our technologies we are able to reclaim and re-purpose the landfill by removing the raw and useful materials from what has been rejected as waste, producing only inert material to be used for new purposes. Here is the problem we are addressing. Open Dumpsites Open Dumpsites are a global problem. There are approximately 350 recognized open dump sites globally. They receive roughly 40% of the world’s waste and they serve about 3.5 – 4 billion people. That's half of the world's population. The 50 biggest dumpsites directly affect the daily lives of 64 million people, a population the size of France. There have been and still are international calls for solutions to solve this escalating global health emergency. Green Fire has the solution.   What we do is process the waste through the “application of heat.” Green Fire has a patented technology several years in development and with several million dollars invested.. It is now ready to be taken into useful production. The Green Fire Technology is an efficient electrochemical system powered by electricity that produces an intense field of radiant energy, a plasma, that causes the breaking apart of the molecular bonds of solid, liquid and gaseous compounds of materials both hazardous and nonhazardous. Our process is a two stage process. The first transforms the organic (carbon-based) materials into an ultra-clean, synthetic gas, called syngas. The clean syngas is then converted into transportation fuels such as ethanol and diesel, or industrial products like hydrogen and methanol. The syngas is used as a substitute for natural gas for heating and is used for electrical generation. After the first phase, the waste (more…)
Aug 192016
 
Kigezi orphans project   Kigezi orphans project Kigezi orphans project, is located in south western  Uganda ,with its head office in KABALE town along KABALE-Kisoro Road ,Plot 142/144 Kigezi Tumuke House.2nd floor. The orphanage school is located 43 Kilometers from the Head office in village of Katojo Rutenga sub county at the boarder of Kanungu ,Rukungiri ,and KABALE Districts Kigezi orphans: Background Kigezi Home of Orphans Project is a charitable community based organization operating in Katojo Parish, Rutenga Sub County, Kanungu District, Uganda, and East Africa. It has a field office in its area of operation and a regional office in Kigezi Twimukye Building, second floor Room 9 located on Plot 142/144, Kabale Town along Kabale-Kisoro road Uganda. It was founded in 2010 with the overall goal of caring for  the orphans through counseling, provision of educational services, supporting agriculture, HIV testing and enabling access to ARVs of the infected orphans and guardians. The founder is a native of the project area of operation, was touched by the lives of the increasing number of orphans most of whom are losing their parents to HIV/AIDS, poor health conditions they are living in their communities. In addition to lack of parental care and love, some of these young children (orphans) would be left out when they are also HIV positive in an area where health care services are very low and demanding. Majority of the orphans were marginalized, lacked basic needs of life and the HIV positive ones were stigmatized by the community members. This led to a high rate of school dropouts, unwanted pregnancies, early marriages and increase in the rate of crimes such as murder, robbery, theft and prostitution as well as low level of education, hence  most of them continued to lose hope. The future of most of the orphaned and vulnerable children appeared doomed which influenced the founder of this organization to form a group that would collectively be in position to assist them where possible. As a starting point, the founder organized a team which sensitized the community members and provided guidance and counseling to the orphans and their guardians. Today, the project has 409 beneficiaries (orphans) and there is a plan and need to expand it to other areas within the region and entire communities. Politically, the project is located at the basement of Local government level (LC1) which is Nyamirengyere Cell, Katojo Parish Rutenga Sub-county. (more…)
Apr 252016
 
There have been over 3,400 fiat currencies, and all of them have failed. The average age of of fiat currency is 27 years. We are way over due for a change. It has been predicted that the USD dollar will collapse in 2017. A banker predicted it will happen this fall and suggested heavily that you have some tradable asset.  Gold, for instance. gold has enjoyed a monetary status nearly a hundred times greater than the average fiat currency. I believe the present conditions are leading to the dawn of a new age in the value of gold. [Read full story] Share this:FacebookLinkedInTwitterGoogleTumblrPinterestReddit (more…)
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